Who Were the Knights Hospitallers? Where Did They Come From?
The poor old Knights Templar are actually implemented to death in more ways than one! Everyone and her aunt has discussing them. If you type them right into a search engine, “Who were the Knights Templar?” you have a return of 12,800. Try “Who were the Knights Hospitallers.” You receive a return of precisely 3! It’s interesting to notice, however, there’s still a Grand Master from the Order.
The gentleman’s name is Matthew Festing, with his fantastic full title is; Prince and Grand Master from the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta.
The Hospitallers were known as; The Order of St. John from the Hospital of Jerusalem.
The words ‘Hospice’ and ‘Hospital’ were interchangeable during the 11th. century. They were dotted about all over Western Europe and were places to rest, expressly for poor travellers and pilgrims. However, there were little or no in the way of medical aid being offered.
In around 1050, a small grouping of Amalfitan merchants took power over a hospice in Jerusalem to look after pilgrims from Western Europe. A lot of hospices inside Islamic Middle East were here today, gone tomorrow affairs, but this specific one lasted a long time. It was built near the Church in the Holy Sepulchre, and was dependent upon the church of Sancta Maria Latina.
It became very popular. Many of the Latin congregation, which has been dominated by the Greek Orthodox Church from the Holy Sepulchre, were attracted away from this place of worship.
A man named Gerard was probably the guardian in the hospice, and his awesome followers lived a quasi-religious life. After the Crusaders’ conquest of Jerusalem in 1099, Gerard and the small hospice were separated through the church of Sancta Maria Latina as well as in 1113 became autonomous.
This was as a result of a unique Papal privilege and also the peaceful Blessed Gerard being named because the Military Order’s First Master. I use the words ‘Military Order’ more as a future title, for at this time there was nothing military regarding the Hospitallers.
A several years later, the fur really started to fly once the Hospital Master, presumably Gerard, although he died in 1120, Knight obtained Papal exemption from having to bow towards the dictates of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, the senior churchman within the Crusader Kingdom.
This caused significant amounts of anger and bitterness from the established church in the Crusader States. Pouring salt to the wound was the truth that two other hospices initially shared the identical coveted position.
It’s tough to pinpoint the time in the event the Hospitallers really became a military order, but within the earlier part of the 12th. century, it became less Italian plus much more French in the make-up, this also does apparently come together with the Order moving inexorably towards among military standing